It is not known where the persistent belief came from that the paradise fruit of temptation was an ordinary apple. Perhaps the reason lies in the common Latin root "pom", which in many languages gives rise to the word "apple", but actually means "fruit." Inaccuracies in the translation of the original sources of biblical texts could have led to misunderstandings. But this is only one of the existing versions.
The French, whose apple is called “la pomme”, nevertheless do not consider it a biblical apple. Have them the fruit of Adam is called a banana (La pomme d'Adam). In these views, the French are not alone. Back in the 16th century, English botanists called the banana Adam's apple tree. Revered banana and Arabs, considering it a paradise tree.
But the Italian golden fruit - pomid'oro - tomatoes. And it’s about the fruit, not the apple. But the Poles jabloko zlote, and the Czechs - jablka rajska and will be our tomato. This is the kind of confusion with this Latin “base”.
Adam's apple called the tree maclura. The plant is poisonous. It is unlikely that the tempting serpent wanted the physical death of Adam and Eve. Today in medical practice, the plant has a great use. Its tinctures increase immunity, possess antitumor properties.
And remember the legend of the twelfth feat of Hercules, who went for golden apples hesperides? Some historians believe that golden apples were fruits of an orange tree, others point to the fruits of bergamot. There is evidence that a quince grew in the garden of the Hesperides, while still unknown to the world.
Median apple The ancient Greeks called lemon. Is it possible that this "sour" seduced the inhabitants of Eden?
At the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries, previously unknown, sweet-sourish fruits from either India or China came to Portugal. Called them golden apples. Today we call them oranges.
The ancient Romans called pomegranate "Carthage apple". The direct name "pomegranate" these fruits have already received later, when they began to spread from the Spanish province of Granada in Europe. The English "pomegranate" - the fruit of Granada - an indirect confirmation of this.
Apricots brought from the East to Rome were originally called “Armenian apple". The apples even wanted to identify potatoes. When in the 18th century they tried to inoculate her in Russia, then because of the mass poisonings, the people called her “damn apple". Why poisoning? Yes, just no one explained that they eat tubers, but not berries, which are formed on the leaves after flowering.
The list of famous botanists "apples" can be continued for a long time. Only one plant, the stalky palmate, bearing bright red large fruits, has three such names: May apple (May apple) Indian apple (Indian apple) and devil's apple (Devil's apple).
Crazy apples Medieval healers called the mandrake fruits (Malamandrake). The alkaloids with which this plant is rich have caused bouts of madness, hallucinations. However, doctors used it as an antispasmodic and painkiller. Maybe it was this “apple” that drove Adam and Eve crazy if they wanted earthly adventures and adventures instead of heavenly life?
Mad apple (Mala insane) in the 16th century dubbed eggplant. Its unusual coloring caused fears, and this fruit has long been considered inedible.
And here's another paradise apple grows on the islands of the Caribbean. Fruits with the most delicate sweet-sour pulp, reminiscent of cream whipped with sugar, called cream apples. They grow on a tree called Annona prickly (Annona muricata). True, such an apple weighs up to four kilograms, and it looks more like an egg. And the "little sister" Annona prickly - Annona scaly (Annona squamosa), the fruits bearing the name "cinnamon, sugar apples, Really have the taste of cinnamon.
So what did Eve seduce Adam after all? What forbidden fruit did the serpent-tempter give her, thirsty for the fall of men? It is unlikely that sometime theologians, historians and botanists will agree on this issue. The name of the forbidden fruit is not in the Bible. It is only known that this is the fruit of the tree of knowledge.
Like so much in the Bible, it’s rather symbolic. And, perhaps, the fruit of the tree of knowledge is love itself in all its manifestations. Love, which has the highest spiritual essence and accessibility, known to almost every descendant of Adam and Eve.